Published By: Global March Against Child Labour
Published Year: 2017
The country prides in embracing Education for All (EFA) which started in the 1990s. This is manifested in the introduction of Universal Primary Education (UPE) and Universal Secondary Education (USE). The expansion of the primary education program which started in 1997, has witnessed a record increase since 2000, by 27.7% (male 23.1%, female 32.6%), which has generally raised the net enrolment rate to 96.0% at primary school level ( UESP, 2010). The launch of the UPE program was to eradicate illiteracy in Uganda by giving each child an opportunity of getting free primary education. As regards USE, government introduced it in 2007 with the aim of increasing access to secondary education targeting the marginalized and poor households located in the rural and peri-urban areas. This program has seen an increase in enrollment at secondary school level by 136%; and there has been a significant improved proportion of girls enrolling at this level (46%). The government of Uganda committed itself to providing equitable, relevant and quality education to Ugandan children not only as their human right but also as a way of equipping learners with knowledge and skills necessary for socio- economic transformation and development. However, the implementation of the two policies (UPE and USE) has witnessed challenges ranging from inconsistent and insufficient disbursement of capitation grants to cater for the teaching-learning process; the poor school environment and poor feeding program in schools, among others. The resultant effect is that the frustration caused by inadequacies related to teaching-learning, the lack of classroom or dilapidated ones, plus lack of midday meals to majority of learners—all lead to school drop out by some learners.
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